This article discusses the phonological system of the Czech language. The following chart shows a complete list of the consonant phonemes of Czech:. The glottal stop is not a separate phoneme. Its use is optional and it may appear as the onset of an otherwise vowel-initial syllable. The pronunciation with or without the glottal stop does not affect the meaning and is not distinctive. In the standard pronunciation, the glottal stop is never inserted between two vowels in words of foreign origin, e.
The stress is nearly always fixed to the first syllable of a word. Exceptions: (See Czech word order for details.) Long words can have the. In Czech, the primary stress is always on the first syllable of a unit (usually identical to a word). Of course, there are a few exceptions.
It can be worked out by using the basic pronunciation of individual letters roughly one letter - one sound and applying regular phonological rules for example, voicing assimilation and final devoicing.